- The most expensive countries in Asia Pacific for expatriates to live in are: Japan; Papua New Guinea; Singapore; Australia, China
- The most expensive cities for expatriates to live in are: Tokyo (the most expensive in the world); Hong Kong; Yokohama; Osaka; and Nagoya
- The cheapest city for expatriates to live in is: Dushanbe in Tajikistan (766 most expensive in the world)
Which cities / countries drop in the ranking, and which moved up?
- The biggest mover down the rankings is Tashkent in Uzbekistan, which has dropped to become the 474th most expensive location in the world.
- The biggest mover up the rankings is Papeete in French Polynesia, which has risen to be the 117th most expensive location in the world.
Reasons for this movement:Tashkent has become less expensive for expatriate’s to live in relative to other global locations. This is mainly due to the depreciation of the Uzbekistan Som against the US Dollar over the past year. In September 2011 US $1 could buy UZS 1750, today that has risen to over UZS 1920, increasing expatriate purchasing power by just under 10% in one year.
Papeetes high cost of living is mainly due to the fact that most goods and services are imported at great cost. Furthermore the economy is exposed to the global economy through its heavy reliance on tourism which went into a long decline from 2006 and was compounded by the global recession. Groceries and communication are particularly expensive.
Tokyo as the most expensive city in Asia-Pacific and the world has an overall cost of living index of 139.89 compared to New York with an index of 100. Tokyo is followed by Zurich, Geneva and Luanda in the world rankings.
Tokyo is the most expensive city mainly because of the historical strength of the Japanese currency, the high population density, the high level of salaries, and the lack of resources which result in a high proportion of imports. Particularly expensive in Tokyo are the following basket groups groceries, healthcare, housing, and transport. Benchmark price in a major international retail store for 1 kg apples is $7.08, 1 kg boneless, skinless, chicken breast $11.91, 1 kg cheddar cheese $18.22, and 1 L full cream milk $2.73.
Benchmark price for a private practice doctor visit for an uninsured patient is $125, and a private hospital stay per day including nursing care, medications, diagnostic tests, food, and related costs is $3,675. Benchmark rental for a secure upmarket unfurnished apartment (3 bedrooms) is $6,293 in a central location, and $3,209 in a suburban location, per month, excluding utilities.
The below ranking shows the Top Ten Cost of Living Rankings in Asia Pacific by city:
- Japan, Tokyo
- China, Hong Kong
- Japan, Yokohama
- Japan, Osaka
- Japan, Nagoya
- Japan, Kobe
- Japan, Kyoto
- Japan, Kawasaki
- Japan, Fukuoka
- Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby
Xpatulator.com Head of Client and Marketing Services Denise McManus that: “Expatriates have long known that Tokyo is a very expensive posting. However it is possible to live within your budget by making sensible choices, for example we know that taxis are expensive, so rather save money and make use of the train service. There are also many expensive restaurants, particularly western branded ones, rather explore some of the many lower and medium-end options.”