Wednesday, April 21, 2021

International Cost of Living April 2021

 The top 10 most expensive cities in the world for an Expat as at April 2021 are as follows:

1. Singapore
2. Hong Kong
3. Monaco
4. Geneva
5. Zurich
6. San Francisco CA
7. Oslo
8. Copenhagen
9. Macao
10. Hamilton
Singapore and Hong Kong remain the the world's most expensive cities with an overall cost of living difference of 4.7 points, 15 points above Monaco the third most expensive city.





International City Cost of Living Rankings

Top 400 City Rankings as at 1 April 2021 - Overall cost of living Index - All 13 Baskets (1 most expensive: 400 cheapest):

Aberdeen (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (141)
Abidjan (Cote D'Ivoire-Africa) Rank (203)
Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates-Middle East) Rank (81)
Abuja (Nigeria-Africa) Rank (281)
Accra (Ghana-Africa) Rank (144)
Addis Ababa (Ethiopia-Africa) Rank (71)
Adelaide (Australia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (205)
Akron OH (USA-Americas) Rank (387)
Albany NY (USA-Americas) Rank (177)
Amarillo TX (USA-Americas) Rank (382)
Amman (Jordan-Middle East) Rank (151)
Amsterdam (Netherlands-Europe) Rank (36)
Anchorage AK (USA-Americas) Rank (76)
Andorra la Vella (Andorra-Europe) Rank (318)
Apia (Samoa-Asia-Pacific) Rank (344)
Appleton WI (USA-Americas) Rank (215)
Arlington TX (USA-Americas) Rank (240)
Asheville NC (USA-Americas) Rank (170)
Ashgabat (Turkmenistan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (77)
Asmara (Eritrea-Africa) Rank (204)
Athens (Greece-Europe) Rank (365)
Atlanta GA (USA-Americas) Rank (162)
Auckland (New Zealand-Asia-Pacific) Rank (78)
Augusta GA (USA-Americas) Rank (329)
Austin TX (USA-Americas) Rank (214)
Avarua (Cook Islands-Asia-Pacific) Rank (175)
Bakersfield CA (USA-Americas) Rank (123)
Baltimore MD (USA-Americas) Rank (157)
Bamako (Mali-Africa) Rank (400)
Bandar Seri Begawan (Brunei-Asia-Pacific) Rank (301)
Bangkok (Thailand-Asia-Pacific) Rank (226)
Bangui (Central African Republic-Africa) Rank (131)
Banjul (Gambia-Africa) Rank (389)
Barcelona (Spain-Europe) Rank (258)
Basseterre (Saint Kitts and Nevis-Americas) Rank (32)
Basse-Terre (Guadeloupe-Americas) Rank (130)
Baton Rouge, LA (USA-Americas) Rank (238)
Beijing (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (67)
Beirut (Lebanon-Middle East) Rank (64)
Belfast (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (164)
Benghazi (Libya-Africa) Rank (317)
Bergen-Passaic NJ (USA-Americas) Rank (95)
Berlin (Germany-Europe) Rank (96)
Binghamton NY (USA-Americas) Rank (199)
Birmingham AL (USA-Americas) Rank (288)
Birmingham (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (178)
Bissau (Guinea-Bissau-Africa) Rank (268)
Boise ID (USA-Americas) Rank (223)
Bonn (Germany-Europe) Rank (106)
Bordeaux (France-Europe) Rank (124)
Boston MA (USA-Americas) Rank (51)
Bradenton FL (USA-Americas) Rank (219)
Bradford (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (250)
Bratislava (Slovakia-Europe) Rank (307)
Brazoria County TX (USA-Americas) Rank (242)
Brazzaville (Congo-Africa) Rank (126)
Bridgetown (Barbados-Americas) Rank (45)
Brisbane (Australia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (156)
Bristol (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (133)
Brownsville TX (USA-Americas) Rank (294)
Brussels (Belgium-Europe) Rank (110)
Buffalo NY (USA-Americas) Rank (280)
Bujumbura (Burundi-Africa) Rank (375)
Burlington-Chittenden Co, VT (USA-Americas) Rank (93)
Busan (Republic of Korea-Asia-Pacific) Rank (55)
Calgary (Canada-Americas) Rank (107)
Canberra (Australia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (101)
Cape Coral-Fort Myers FL (USA-Americas) Rank (198)
Cape Town (South Africa-Africa) Rank (391)
Cardiff (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (188)
Castries (Saint Lucia-Americas) Rank (41)
Cayenne (French Guiana-Americas) Rank (368)
Cedar Rapids IA (USA-Americas) Rank (209)
Charleston SC (USA-Americas) Rank (165)
Charleston WV (USA-Americas) Rank (335)
Charlotte NC (USA-Americas) Rank (193)
Chattanooga TN (USA-Americas) Rank (287)
Chicago IL (USA-Americas) Rank (102)
Christchurch (New Zealand-Asia-Pacific) Rank (98)
Cincinnati OH (USA-Americas) Rank (244)
Clarksville, TN (USA-Americas) Rank (324)
Cleveland OH (USA-Americas) Rank (186)
Cologne (Germany-Europe) Rank (99)
Colorado CO (USA-Americas) Rank (183)
Colorado Springs CO (USA-Americas) Rank (200)
Columbia SC (USA-Americas) Rank (310)
Columbus OH (USA-Americas) Rank (293)
Conakry (Guinea-Africa) Rank (120)
Copenhagen (Denmark-Europe) Rank (8)
Corpus Christi TX (USA-Americas) Rank (309)
Cotonou (Benin-Africa) Rank (360)
Coventary (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (197)
Daegu (Republic of Korea-Asia-Pacific) Rank (50)
Dakar (Senegal-Africa) Rank (172)
Dalian (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (359)
Dallas TX (USA-Americas) Rank (166)
Dammam (Saudi Arabia-Middle East) Rank (343)
Dar es Salaam (Tanzania-Africa) Rank (362)
Davenport-Moline-Rock Is IA (USA-Americas) Rank (257)
Dayton OH (USA-Americas) Rank (285)
Denver CO (USA-Americas) Rank (150)
Derby (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (173)
Des Moines IA (USA-Americas) Rank (290)
Detroit MI (USA-Americas) Rank (212)
Dhaka (Bangladesh-Asia-Pacific) Rank (378)
Dili (Timor-Leste-Asia-Pacific) Rank (251)
Djibouti (Djibouti-Africa) Rank (229)
Doha (Qatar-Middle East) Rank (91)
Douala (Cameroon-Africa) Rank (380)
Douglas (Isle of Man-Europe) Rank (82)
Dubai (United Arab Emirates-Middle East) Rank (87)
Dublin (Ireland-Europe) Rank (40)
Durham NC (USA-Americas) Rank (213)
Dutchess County NY (USA-Americas) Rank (201)
Edinburgh (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (111)
Edmonton (Canada-Americas) Rank (108)
El Paso TX (USA-Americas) Rank (325)
Erie PA (USA-Americas) Rank (196)
Eugene OR (USA-Americas) Rank (121)
Evansville IN (USA-Americas) Rank (265)
Fayetteville AR (USA-Americas) Rank (350)
Fayetteville NC (USA-Americas) Rank (279)
Fort Lauderdale FL (USA-Americas) Rank (116)
Fort Smith AR (USA-Americas) Rank (314)
Fort Wayne-Allen County IN (USA-Americas) Rank (353)
Fort Worth TX (USA-Americas) Rank (217)
Fort-de-France (Martinique-Americas) Rank (75)
Frankfurt (Germany-Europe) Rank (72)
Freetown (Sierra Leone-Africa) Rank (154)
Fresno CA (USA-Americas) Rank (152)
Fukuoka (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (63)
Funafuti (Tuvalu-Asia-Pacific) Rank (161)
Gainesville FL (USA-Americas) Rank (228)
Geneva (Switzerland-Europe) Rank (4)
Genoa (Italy-Europe) Rank (278)
George Town (Cayman Islands-Americas) Rank (12)
Georgetown (Guyana-Americas) Rank (332)
Gibraltar (Gibraltar-Europe) Rank (159)
Glasgow (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (138)
Green Bay WI (USA-Americas) Rank (323)
Greenville SC (USA-Americas) Rank (222)
Guadalajara (Mexico-Americas) Rank (363)
Guangzhou (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (338)
Guatemala City (Guatemala-Americas) Rank (394)
Guildford (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (92)
Hagatna (Guam-Asia-Pacific) Rank (100)
Hamburg (Germany-Europe) Rank (86)
Hamilton (Bermuda-Americas) Rank (10)
Hampton Roads-SE Virginia VA (USA-Americas) Rank (271)
Hanoi (Vietnam-Asia-Pacific) Rank (393)
Harlingen TX (USA-Americas) Rank (366)
Hartford CT (USA-Americas) Rank (129)
Havana (Cuba-Americas) Rank (136)
Helsinki (Finland-Europe) Rank (44)
Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam-Asia-Pacific) Rank (398)
Hong Kong (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (2)
Honiara (Solomon Islands-Asia-Pacific) Rank (73)
Honolulu, HI (USA-Americas) Rank (17)
Houston TX (USA-Americas) Rank (243)
Huntsville AL (USA-Americas) Rank (300)
Ibadan (Nigeria-Africa) Rank (322)
Incheon (Republic of Korea-Asia-Pacific) Rank (48)
Indianapolis IN (USA-Americas) Rank (292)
Isle of Wight (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (128)
Jackson MS (USA-Americas) Rank (273)
Jacksonville FL (USA-Americas) Rank (291)
Jakarta (Indonesia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (399)
Jamestown (Saint Helena-Africa) Rank (247)
Jeddah (Saudi Arabia-Middle East) Rank (331)
Jerusalem (Israel-Middle East) Rank (24)
Johnson City TN (USA-Americas) Rank (347)
Johor Bahru (Malaysia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (381)
Kalamazoo MI (USA-Americas) Rank (326)
Kano (Nigeria-Africa) Rank (315)
Kansas City MO (USA-Americas) Rank (234)
Kawasaki (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (58)
Kennewick-Richland-Pasco WA (USA-Americas) Rank (169)
Kigali (Rwanda-Africa) Rank (295)
Kingston upon Hull (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (252)
Kingston (Jamaica-Americas) Rank (119)
Kingstown (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Americas) Rank (22)
Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo-Africa) Rank (61)
Klang (Malaysia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (392)
Knoxville TN (USA-Americas) Rank (330)
Kobe (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (42)
Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (373)
Kuwait City (Kuwait-Middle East) Rank (256)
Kyoto (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (56)
Lagos (Nigeria-Africa) Rank (274)
Lancaster PA (USA-Americas) Rank (220)
Las Vegas NV (USA-Americas) Rank (184)
Leeds (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (181)
Leicester (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (211)
Leon (Mexico-Americas) Rank (369)
Lexington KY (USA-Americas) Rank (328)
Libreville (Gabon-Africa) Rank (89)
Lille (France-Europe) Rank (149)
Lilongwe (Malawi-Africa) Rank (262)
Lima (Peru-Americas) Rank (372)
Lincoln NE (USA-Americas) Rank (275)
Lisbon (Portugal-Europe) Rank (245)
Little Rock-North Little Rock AR (USA-Americas) Rank (297)
Liverpool (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (142)
Ljubljana (Slovenia-Europe) Rank (336)
Lome (Togo-Africa) Rank (354)
London (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (38)
Los Angeles-Long Beach CA (USA-Americas) Rank (43)
Louisville KY (USA-Americas) Rank (269)
Luanda (Angola-Africa) Rank (298)
Lubbock TX (USA-Americas) Rank (345)
Lusaka (Zambia-Africa) Rank (384)
Luton (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (115)
Luxembourg (Luxembourg-Europe) Rank (47)
Lyon (France-Europe) Rank (147)
Macao (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (9)
Madrid (Spain-Europe) Rank (225)
Majuro (Marshall Islands-Asia-Pacific) Rank (210)
Male (Maldives-Asia-Pacific) Rank (352)
Manama (Bahrain-Middle East) Rank (236)
Manchester NH (USA-Americas) Rank (160)
Manchester (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (122)
Manila (Philippines-Asia-Pacific) Rank (218)
Maputo (Mozambique-Africa) Rank (396)
Marseille (France-Europe) Rank (145)
Martinsburg-Berkeley County WV (USA-Americas) Rank (283)
McAllen TX (USA-Americas) Rank (379)
Mecca (Saudi Arabia-Middle East) Rank (377)
Medinah (Saudi Arabia-Middle East) Rank (337)
Melbourne (Australia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (112)
Melekeok (Palau-Asia-Pacific) Rank (232)
Memphis TN (USA-Americas) Rank (361)
Mexico City (Mexico-Americas) Rank (308)
Miami-Dade County FL (USA-Americas) Rank (109)
Middlesex-Monmouth NJ (USA-Americas) Rank (90)
Midland TX (USA-Americas) Rank (191)
Milan (Italy-Europe) Rank (202)
Milton Keynes (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (134)
Milwaukee-Waukesha WI (USA-Americas) Rank (185)
Minneapolis MN (USA-Americas) Rank (155)
Minsk (Belarus-Europe) Rank (388)
Mobile AL (USA-Americas) Rank (255)
Mogadishu (Somalia-Africa) Rank (57)
Mombasa (Kenya-Africa) Rank (383)
Monaco (Monaco-Europe) Rank (3)
Monrovia (Liberia-Africa) Rank (148)
Monterrey (Mexico-Americas) Rank (296)
Montevideo (Uruguay-Americas) Rank (348)
Montgomery AL (USA-Americas) Rank (276)
Montreal (Canada-Americas) Rank (125)
Moroni (Comoros-Africa) Rank (313)
Munich (Germany-Europe) Rank (62)
Murfreesboro-Smyrna TN (USA-Americas) Rank (277)
Muscat (Oman-Middle East) Rank (320)
Myrtle Beach SC (USA-Americas) Rank (206)
Nagoya (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (35)
Nairobi (Kenya-Africa) Rank (385)
Nantes (France-Europe) Rank (163)
Naples (Italy-Europe) Rank (358)
Nashville-Franklin TN (USA-Americas) Rank (235)
Nassau County NY (USA-Americas) Rank (143)
Nassau (the Bahamas-Americas) Rank (18)
N'Djamena (Chad-Africa) Rank (84)
New Haven CT (USA-Americas) Rank (113)
New York (Brooklyn) NY (USA-Americas) Rank (23)
New York (Manhattan) NY (USA-Americas) Rank (14)
New York (Queens) NY (USA-Americas) Rank (39)
New York NY (USA-Americas) Rank (25)
Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (192)
Niamey (Niger-Africa) Rank (180)
Nice (France-Europe) Rank (104)
Nicosia (Cyprus-Europe) Rank (364)
Northampton (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (179)
Nottingham (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (239)
Noumea (New Caledonia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (69)
Nuuk (Greenland-Europe) Rank (60)
Oakland CA (USA-Americas) Rank (28)
Oklahoma City OK (USA-Americas) Rank (319)
Omaha NE (USA-Americas) Rank (260)
Orange County CA (USA-Americas) Rank (52)
Orlando FL (USA-Americas) Rank (264)
Osaka (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (37)
Oslo (Norway-Europe) Rank (7)
Ottawa (Canada-Americas) Rank (139)
Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso-Africa) Rank (370)
Palermo (Italy-Europe) Rank (282)
Palikir (Micronesia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (189)
Panama City (Panama-Americas) Rank (284)
Papeete (French Polynesia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (79)
Paris (France-Europe) Rank (33)
Perth (Australia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (118)
Philadelphia PA (USA-Americas) Rank (117)
Phnom Penh (Cambodia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (333)
Phoenix AZ (USA-Americas) Rank (207)
Pittsburgh PA (USA-Americas) Rank (146)
Plano TX (USA-Americas) Rank (208)
Plymouth (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (248)
Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea-Asia-Pacific) Rank (49)
Port Vila (Vanuatu-Asia-Pacific) Rank (195)
Port-au-Prince (Haiti-Americas) Rank (20)
Portland ME (USA-Americas) Rank (132)
Portland OR (USA-Americas) Rank (80)
Port-of-Spain (Trinidad and Tobago-Americas) Rank (230)
Portsmouth (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (190)
Prague (Czech Republic-Europe) Rank (194)
Praia (Cape Verde-Africa) Rank (367)
Preston (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (259)
Puebla (Mexico-Americas) Rank (341)
Quito (Ecuador-Americas) Rank (397)
Raleigh NC (USA-Americas) Rank (261)
Reading (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (140)
Reno-Sparks NV (USA-Americas) Rank (174)
Reykjavik (Iceland-Europe) Rank (29)
Richmond VA (USA-Americas) Rank (270)
Riga (Latvia-Europe) Rank (374)
Riverside City CA (USA-Americas) Rank (97)
Riyadh (Saudi Arabia-Middle East) Rank (246)
Roanoke VA (USA-Americas) Rank (311)
Rochester NY (USA-Americas) Rank (231)
Rockford IL (USA-Americas) Rank (254)
Rome (Italy-Europe) Rank (127)
Roseau (Dominica-Americas) Rank (114)
Rotterdam (Netherlands-Europe) Rank (105)
Sacramento CA (USA-Americas) Rank (88)
Saint George's (Grenada-Americas) Rank (11)
Saint Helier (Jersey-Europe) Rank (53)
Saint John's (Antigua and Barbuda-Americas) Rank (34)
Saipan (Northern Mariana Islands-Asia-Pacific) Rank (339)
Salt Lake City UT (USA-Americas) Rank (187)
San Antonio TX (USA-Americas) Rank (316)
San Diego CA (USA-Americas) Rank (54)
San Francisco CA (USA-Americas) Rank (6)
San Jose CA (USA-Americas) Rank (13)
San Jose (Costa Rica-Americas) Rank (356)
San Juan (Puerto Rico-Americas) Rank (94)
San Marino (San Marino-Europe) Rank (153)
Santiago (Chile-Americas) Rank (390)
Sao Tome (Sao Tome and Principe-Americas) Rank (233)
Sapporo (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (68)
Sarasota FL (USA-Americas) Rank (224)
Savannah GA (USA-Americas) Rank (266)
Seattle WA (USA-Americas) Rank (31)
Seoul (Republic of Korea-Asia-Pacific) Rank (30)
Shanghai (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (16)
Sheffield (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (182)
Shenzhen (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (253)
Shreveport-Bossier City LA (USA-Americas) Rank (302)
Singapore (Singapore-Asia-Pacific) Rank (1)
South Bend IN (USA-Americas) Rank (263)
South Tarawa (Kiribati-Asia-Pacific) Rank (303)
Southampton (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (158)
Spokane WA (USA-Americas) Rank (176)
Springfield MO (USA-Americas) Rank (327)
St Peter Port (Guernsey-Europe) Rank (70)
St. Louis MO (USA-Americas) Rank (272)
St. Paul MN (USA-Americas) Rank (168)
Stanley (Falkland Islands-Americas) Rank (267)
Stockholm (Sweden-Europe) Rank (21)
Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (167)
Stuttgart (Germany-Europe) Rank (103)
Subang Jaya (Malaysia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (386)
Suva (Fiji-Asia-Pacific) Rank (355)
Sydney (Australia-Asia-Pacific) Rank (66)
Taipei (Taiwan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (27)
Tallinn (Estonia-Europe) Rank (305)
Tampa FL (USA-Americas) Rank (221)
Thessaloniki (Greece-Europe) Rank (376)
Tianjin (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (340)
Tijuana (Mexico-Americas) Rank (342)
Tokyo (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (15)
Toluca (Mexico-Americas) Rank (351)
Toronto (Canada-Americas) Rank (65)
Toulouse (France-Europe) Rank (135)
Tripoli (Libya-Africa) Rank (304)
Tucson AZ (USA-Americas) Rank (241)
Tulsa OK (USA-Americas) Rank (334)
Turin (Italy-Europe) Rank (299)
Vaduz (Liechtenstein-Europe) Rank (19)
Valencia (Spain-Europe) Rank (349)
Vancouver (Canada-Americas) Rank (74)
Velletta (Malta-Europe) Rank (83)
Victoria (Seychelles-Africa) Rank (286)
Vienna (Austria-Europe) Rank (59)
Vientiane (Laos-Asia-Pacific) Rank (227)
Vilnius (Lithuania-Europe) Rank (357)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria DC-VA (USA-Americas) Rank (46)
Wellington (New Zealand-Asia-Pacific) Rank (85)
West Bank (Palestinian Territories-Middle East) Rank (171)
Wichita KS (USA-Americas) Rank (321)
Wilmington NC (USA-Americas) Rank (237)
Winston-Salem NC (USA-Americas) Rank (289)
Wolverhampton (United Kingdom-Europe) Rank (249)
Wuhan (China-Asia-Pacific) Rank (346)
Yangon (Myanmar-Asia-Pacific) Rank (312)
Yaounde (Cameroon-Africa) Rank (395)
Yaren (Nauru-Asia-Pacific) Rank (137)
Yokohama (Japan-Asia-Pacific) Rank (26)
York County PA (USA-Americas) Rank (216)
Youngstown-Warren OH (USA-Americas) Rank (306)
Zanzibar (Tanzania-Africa) Rank (371)
Zurich (Switzerland-Europe) Rank (5) 

Full list of all locations

Monday, February 1, 2021

Expatriate Cost of Living in 2021

Singapore is the most expensive city in the world for Expatriate’s to live, with an overall cost of living index of 139.78.

Hong Kong is the second expensive city for Expats in the world with an overall Cost of Living Index (COLI), for all 13 basket groups, of 138.95.



Africa Expat Cost of Living Comparison

Overall African countries are some of the poorest and least developed in the world, with relatively low local cost of living expenses; however the cost of importing and transporting the international standard of goods that expatriates expect to purchase in the cities in this region makes it extremely expensive to maintain the lifestyle that they are used to.


America Expat Cost of Living Comparison

Overall American countries and cities are extremely diverse ranging from the most developed, wealthy, technologically advanced and urbanised, through to some of the poorest, least developed as well as remote locations in the world, with a corresponding wide range in the cost of living. The cost of living is very high in high density, popular locations where demand for limited space, goods and services (housing, transport, education etc) often exceeds supply such as in San Francisco, Manhattan and San Jose. However in the most remote as well as in the poorest, least developed locations, the cost of importing, transporting and providing the international standard of goods and services that expatriates demand, also make them extremely expensive locations to maintain the lifestyle that they are used to.


Asia Pacific Expat Cost of Living Comparison

Asia Pacific has 2 of the 3 most expensive cities in the world. The cost of living for expats is particularly high in densely populated, popular wealthy locations where the demand for limited space, goods and services (housing, transport, education etc) exceeds supply such as Singapore and Hong Kong.


Europe Expat Cost of Living Comparison

With a few exceptions, the most expensive cities in Europe are mostly the Non-Euro countries.

The euro is the second most traded currency in the world, managed by one central bank, the European Central Bank. The cost of living is generally more reasonable in the larger countries in Europe who use the euro as their currency. Their larger companies produce more at a lower cost, thus benefiting from economies of scale. They export their cheaper goods to the less-developed eurozone nations. Smaller companies in smaller European countries find it difficult to compete with relatively low prices. On the other hand the euro allows countries with weaker or smaller economies to enjoy lower interest rates because the euro isn't as risky to investors as a currency with less demand. Over the years, lower interest rates have led to more foreign investment. This has boosted the smaller nations' economies. 


Middle East Expat Cost of Living Comparison

Overall Middle East countries have average local cost of living levels; however the cost of importing and transporting the international standard of goods that expatriates expect to purchase in the cities in this region can make it relatively expensive to maintain the lifestyle that they are used to.